Signs And Symptoms
The symptom most commonly associated with sleep apnoea is snoring. Not everyone who snores has sleep apnoea. If snoring is paired with choking or gasping sounds, it is likely to be sleep apnoea. Daytime fatigue is another common symptom.
The symptoms of sleep apnoea include:
Loud or frequent snoring
Choking or gasping while you sleep
Pauses in breathing
Excessive daytime sleepiness
Insomnia due to difficulty staying asleep
Waking up with dry mouth or a sore throat
Frequent need to urinate during the night
Memory or learning problems
Moodiness, irritability or depression
A common misconception is that sleep apnoea only affects older, overweight men. This widely-held assumption is wrong: anyone can have sleep apnoea, regardless of gender, age or body type. If you have any of the following traits you may be at increased risk:
Excess weight - An adult with a BMI of 25 or higher is considered to be overweight. Your risk of sleep apnoea increases with the amount of excess body weight.
Large neck size - A large neck will have more fatty tissue that can block your airway.
Older age (40+ for men, 50+ for women) - Sleep apnoea occurs more often in older adults, especially people older than 60.
Being male - Men have twice the risk having sleep apnoea compared to women
Smoker - Smokers have a higher risk of sleep apnoea
Hypertensive - High blood pressure is very common in people with sleep apnoea
Family history - Sleep apnoea can appear more often among family members. This may be a result of either inherited traits or common lifestyles.